COSCH Contributors


[A] Author; [Ed] Editor; [ECI] Early Career Investigator; [indR] Reviewer independent of COSCH;  [MC] COSCH Management Committee member; [R] COSCH Reviewer; [STSM] COSCH Short-Term Scientific Mission; [WG Leader] COSCH Working Group Leader; [WG V-Leader] COSCH Working Group Vice-Leader

Last updated 13 September 2016.

[A] Antonio Alvarez Fernandez-Balbuena, Ph.D., received his graduate diploma in Optics and Optometry in 1994 from the University Complutense of Madrid (UCM). Since 1998 he has been involved in several projects in the Faculty of Physics, funded by the Comunidad de Madrid. In 2000 he joined the Photometry Laboratory at the Faculty of Optics where he has been working in in the area of natural lighting, LED signalisation and computer-aided lighting design. He earned his M.Sc. degree in Technical Optics from the UCM in 2008, and the doctoral degree in 2011, with a thesis on optical systems for natural lighting. He is Professor of Optics at Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM) and continues his research at the UCM.

[indR] Nicola D'Apuzzo, Ph.D., is a founder of Hometrica Consulting ( in Ascona, Switzerland, which she established in 2004. She has over 15 years of experience in a variety of technologies and methods related to 3D measurement, 3D scanning and machine vision; and in research and development in the areas of 3D scanning by active and passive photogrammetry, 3D data processing (close-range data and TLS data), 2D and 3D tracking in images. Her research and interests include close-range 3D surface scanning, mobile mapping systems, UAVs, SLAM/SfM, industrial 3D scanning systems and human body scanning systems.

[A] Miguel Ares, Ph.D., is a postdoctoral researcher at the Centre de Desenvolupament de Sensors, Instrumentació i Sistemes (CD6) of the Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya. He received his Ph.D. with honors from the Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya in 2009. He holds a postgraduate diploma in Management and Business Administration from Euncet Business School (2013). Since 2006 he has participated in nine public and five private scientific projects. His major research includes structured-light, active stereovision and Shack-Hartmann instrumentation development. His current research focuses on 3D body scanning, 3D shape measurement of cultural heritage, and biophotonics.

[A] Taylor Bennett is an Intern, Digital Diagnostic Specialist with principal conservator Elisa Stewart of Kept Art Restoration in San Jose, California, and he is a California-registered professional geologist and hydrogeologist. Mr. Bennett applies portable, non-invasive multispectral and computational imaging methods to understand the structure, materials, artistic techniques, history, and condition of cultural heritage.  His interests in art history and cultural heritage include oil-on-canvas paintings; pigment identification; ancient Chinese bronzes and watercolors; objects carved in minerals, bone, and wood; rock art and wall paintings; and ancient Greek and Minoan science and culture. Mr. Bennett received his B.Sc. degree in Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with a humanities concentration in Ancient and Mediaeval Studies.  He is an at-large member of the board of the Bay Area Art Conservation Guild, the American Institute for Conservation's Emerging Conservation Professionals Network, the Bay Area Rock Art Research Association, and the American Rock Art Research Association.

[Ed] [COSCH Vice-Chairman] Anna Bentkowska-Kafel, Ph.D. ( is an independent scholar and part-time lecturer in Digital Art History in the Department of Digital Humanities, King's College London, UK. She worked for the Royal Castle in Warsaw and the Courtauld Institute of Art in London. Her research interests in the area of arts computing and heritage studies include the use of 3D electronic imaging in documentation, representation and scholarly interpretation of art and architecture. She has been involved in the IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging Symposium's Computer Vision and Image Analysis of Art, and in many academic projects and initiatives, such as the European Virtual Museum Transnational Network of Excellence ( and the London Charter for the Computer-based Visualisation of Cultural Heritage ( She is a co-editor and contributor to Paradata and Transparency in Historical Visualization (Ashgate, 2012).

[A] [COSCH Chairman] Frank Boochs, Ph.D., Professor of Applied Informatics at the University of Applied Sciences in Mainz, Germany. He has been chairing the Image Processing group of the German Society of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Geoinformation since 2012. His research interests include the use of images and point clouds for generation of different types of knowledge about objects, with the focus on geometrical processing concepts that make it possible to generate high-precision data about position, shape and form of objects; the use of spectral image characteristics for the detection and classification of objects; the use and structuring of knowledge to be integrated into the analysis of data sets. >>> COSCH Profile

[A] Jan Bryscejn is a researcher at the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. He graduated from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, CTU Prague, with a degree in Cybernetics and Measurement in 1998. His recent interests include signal processing, numerical methods, programming (C, java, Python, Mathematica, Matlab, Smalltalk), mathematical modelling, digital image processing and GIS. In his research he also employs his theoretical and practical knowledge of electronics.

[A] [MC] [WG V-Leader] Eryk Bunsch

[A] Andrea Casini, physicist, has been a researcher at the Institute of Applied Physics "Nello Carrara" of the National Research Council, Italy (IFAC-CNR) from 1972 to 2010, where he worked in the areas of digital signal processing, bio and industrial NDT diagnostic imaging. Since the 1990s he has been involved in the study of optical non-invasive diagnostic means for artworks, mainly paintings. Now retired, he continues to collaborate with IFAC on the development and refinement of the hyperspectral scanner he contributed to design.

[STSM] Amandine Colson graduated from a Master in Conservation-Restoration of Cultural Heritage, Ecole de Condé, Paris, France. She has been working for the German Maritime Museum in Bremerhaven, Germany, since 2013 and as a Ph.D. Fellow since 2016. She previously worked  in the archaeological field, among others, in France at the Département de Recherche en Archéologie Subaquatique et Sous-Marine, for the University of Groningen, The Netherlands, the Institute of Nautical Archaeology of Turkey, and in Mali (through the University of Yale). Originally specialised in conservation of archaeological objects, her participation, since 2014, in the COST Action COSCH resulted in her active participation in building up a dialogue between the spatial and spectral fields and conservation-restoration, and assessing the needs of professionals from her own field. Her Ph.D. research is focusing on deformation monitoring of large scale cultural heritage objects, based on the Bremen Cog, an artefact in the German Maritime Museum. Since 2014 she has been coordinating the COSCH case study of the Bremen Cog.

[indR] Antonino Cosentino is a cultural heritage scientist directing Cultural Heritage Science Open Source (CHSOS). He provides technical art examination, training programmes and consulting for private professionals, institutions and collectors. He promotes and disseminates innovative, affordable and sustainable technologies for technical art documentation.

[A] Anja Cramer studied surveying at the University of Applied Sciences in Dresden, Germany and received a degree in Engineering in 2005. From 2006 to 2011 she was a scientific assistant at the Institute for Spatial Information and Surveying Technology, i3mainz, in Mainz, Germany. Since 2012 she has worked for the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum in Mainz. Her main interest is in documentation of heritage sites and excavations using the latest 3D technology. A survey of Byzantine workshops in Ephesus, Turkey, using a 3D laser scanner is her major recent project involving data processing and analysis, from recording to publication.

[A] Costanza Cucci graduated in Physics and gained her Ph.D. in Conservation Science from the University of Florence, Italy. Since 2000 she has carried on her research activities at the Institute of Applied Physics "Nello Carrara" of the Italian National Research Council (IFAC-CNR) of Florence. Her research interests include: spectroscopic techniques for analysis and characterisation of materials with a special focus on non-invasive methodologies; multivariate methods for analysis of spectroscopic data; testing of optical sensors and smart detection systems, including early-warning tools and alert indicators. Application fields include cultural heritage, environmental monitoring, safety/quality controls in foods. She has been involved in several international and national research collaborations and is an author/co-author of several scientific publications in peer-reviewed journals, proceedings of international conferences and book chapters.

[A] [MC] [STSM] [WG Leader] Christian Degrigny graduated in electrochemistry and gained his Ph.D. in Analytical Chemistry from the University of Paris VI. He is lecturer and researcher at the Haute Ecole Arc Conservation-restauration in Neuchâtel, Switzerland, which he joined in 2006. He is also a co-manager of Château de Germolles in Burgundy, France. He worked previously as a conservation scientist in different conservation laboratories in France; was head of the conservation school in Vantaa-Helsinki, Finland; and director of Diagnostics Laboratories at the Malta Centre for Restoration. His research interests include spatial and spectral imaging techniques, from the end-users' perspective, and the way the surface characteristics of heritage artefacts are impacting the outcomes of imaging campaigns.

[A] Tomáš Fíla graduated from the Faculty of Transportation Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague in 2012 where he is a Ph.D. candidate. He is a research assistant and design engineer at the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. His interests are in mechanical testing of materials with complex micro-structure, design of experimental devices and development of control software. As a Ph.D. student he teaches classes in introduction to material science; kinematics and dynamics.

[STSM] Julien Guery, France, specialises in applications of photogrammetry to cultural heritage.

[ECI] [STSM] Mona Hess is Research Assistant at University College London (UCL) Museums and Collections, and a Ph.D. candidate at the UCL Photogrammetry, 3D Imaging and Metrology Research Centre in the Faculty of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering. She studied Architecture in Germany and has a Master's degree in Heritage Conservation from Bamberg, Germany, where she focused on CAD, 3D imaging techniques and databases, especially in the field of conservation science and in architectural conservation. Specialised in 3D colour imaging, digital heritage and replica for museum objects, she has taken on projects within UCL, such as E-Curator (3D colour scans for remote object identification and assessment) and 3DPetrie; and in the British Museum and Science Museum in London, as well as at internationally at the Università degli studi Lecce, Italy and CULTNAT, Egypt.

[R] Ville Heikkinen

[ECI] [STSM] [R] Julio del Hoyo Melendez holds a Ph.D. in science and conservation of cultural heritage from the Department of Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage of the Polytechnic University of Valencia, Spain. He received a bachelor's and a master's degree in chemistry from the University of Puerto Rico and the University of Houston, respectively. He was a graduate intern in the Museum Research Laboratory of the Getty Conservation Institute in Los Angeles, USA from 2005 to 2006. In 2007, he was awarded a predoctoral fellowship at the Smithsonian Museum Conservation Institute in Maryland, USA, for conducting research on the action of light on cultural heritage materials. He currently works as a research scientist in the Laboratory of Analysis and Non-Destructive Investigation of Heritage Objects of the National Museum in Krakow, Poland.

[ECI] András Jung is a proximal and remote sensing scientist focused on hyperspectral imaging and field spectroscopy. He earned his PhD in hyperspectral remote sensing in 2006. Since 2011 he has been involved in snapshot spectral imaging developments for mobile mapping and UAV applications at the Ulm University (DE) and holds a shared patent on snapshot spectral imaging (EP2944930). Currently he has a shared research activity between Germany (Leipzig University) and Hungary (Szent István University) focusing on non-destructive spectroscopy and chemical field imaging. For more information:

[A] Eleni Kouloumpi, Ph.D., works as a conservation scientist at the Laboratory of Physicochemical Research of the National Gallery – Alexandros Soutzos Museum, Athens, Greece. She is an assistant professor at the A.TEI Ionian Islands where she teaches subjects in Methodology of Physicochemical Analysis, Panel Painting Conservation and General Principles of Conservation. She holds a Bachelors' Degree in Conservation and Restoration from London Guildhall University, UK, and a Master's Degree in Conservation Science from De Montfort University, UK with scholarships from Leatherseller's Company and Sidney Perry Foundation. In 2008 she received her Ph.D. from De Montfort University, UK, after submitting a thesis in the field of Analytical Chemistry in Cultural Heritage. Her field of doctorate research was the study of the Western-European influences on the technique of the Post-Byzantine art of Crete and the islands of Ionion. Her publications include a book, in Greek, co-edited with C. Karydis and A. Sakellariou, on the science of preventive conservation [Η Επιστήμη της Προληπτικής Συντήρησης], Athens, 2013. She serves as a Treasurer of the Hellenic Society for Archaeometry and is a member of international conservation bodies and institutions.

[A] [ECI] [STSM] Maciej Karaszewski

[indR] Alexander J. Kossolapov, Ph.D. has been the Head of Scientific Examination/Authentication Department in the State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation since 1997. He graduated from SPB State University with a degree in Physics in 1970 and joined the State Hermitage Museum in 1972. He holds a Ph.D. in Optics (1980) from the State Optical Institution, Saint Petersburg. Between 1989–1995 and in 2001 he worked in the U.S.A. as museum scientist: as Senior Research Fellow at the Getty Conservation Institute in Los Angeles; in Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA); as Senior Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts (CASWA) of the National Gallery of Art, Washington DC, respectively. He authored over fifty papers and two monographs.

[R] [A] Haida Liang gained a Ph.D. in Astronomy and Astrophysics from the Australian National University in 1996. She then received a fellowship to work in the X-ray Astronomy group at Service d'Astrophysique of Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique in France. She then continued her work on clusters of galaxies at the Physics Department of the University of Bristol. In 2002, she changed her career path and worked at the Scientific Department of the National Gallery (London) on the development of non-invasive imaging techniques for the examination of paintings. She is currently leading the Imaging Science for Archaeology & Art Conservation group at Nottingham Trent University in the UK. Her main research interests are the development and application of advanced optical imaging and spectroscopic techniques and remote sensing to art conservation, art history and archaeology. >>> COSCH Profile 

[R] Lindsay MacDonald is Research Fellow at the University College London (UCL) Photogrammetry, 3D Imaging and Metrology Research Centre. He has degrees in both science and engineering from Sydney University. He worked for 22 years in industrial development of software and algorithms for graphic arts imaging systems, and then for 15 years as Professor of Digital Media in three UK universities. He is a Fellow of five professional societies (IEE, BCS, RPS, IS&T and RSA), and a Life Member of the Colour Group (GB). He is also a member of the International Executive Committee of the International Colour Association (AIC). He has also been involved for many years with the Electronic Visualisation and the Arts (EVA) Conference, and is author of eight books on the application of colour image science to cultural heritage. He was leader of the EU FP5-IST project ‘Veridical imaging of transmissive and reflective artefacts' (VITRA).

[MC] [STSM Coordinator] Alamin Mansouri received his Ph.D. from the University of Bourgogne, France in 2005. Afterwards, he was postdoctoral fellow in Norway and Germany. Since 2006 he is associate professor at the University of Bourgogne and a member of the Laboratory LE2I, Laboratoire d'Eléctronique, Informatique et Image where he leads the project of 3D multispectral scanning. His current research focuses on multispectral imaging (acquisition, processing and analysis), its applications to cultural heritage and interactions with media technology.

[A] Javier Muñoz

[A] [Ed] [MC] [WG V-Leader] Orla Murphy, Ph.D. is a college lecturer in the School of English at University College Cork, and in the Irish national, inter-institutional Digital Arts and Humanities Ph.D. programme. She is coordinator of UCC's M.A. in Digital Arts and Humanities, and the online M.A. in Digital Cultures. She researches intermediality, particularly how the text is, was, and will be transmitted in all its forms, including 3D representation in cultural heritage; how we read, represent, and share knowledge in new networked, linked and virtual environments. She is co-chair, with Fredrik Palm, of the information visualisation working group in the Network for Digital Methods in the Arts and Humanities ( and Irish Management Committee member of the GenderSTE transdomain CoST Action.

[WG V-Leader] Sérgio Nascimento graduated in Physics from the University of Porto, Portugal, and has a Ph.D. in Color Science from Keele University, England. He is Associate Professor with Aggregation of Physics at Minho University, Portugal, where he teaches Optics, Vision Sciences and Color Science. His research focuses on colorimetry and color vision, in particular applications of spectral imaging, color constancy and color rendering, color in art and models of color vision. He has published more than 100 research articles on color vision and related topics. He is member of the Board of Directors of the International Color Vision Society and topical editor for colour vision of the Journal of the Optical Society of America A.

[R] Nuria Rodríguez Ortega is Head of the Department of Art History in the University of Málaga, Spain. Her research focuses on two main lines of investigation: artistic and critical theory; and cultural heritage in the digital realm under the wide frame of Digital Humanities studies. Since 2006, she has led the ATENEA research project whose objective is to develop a digital library of Spanish artistic texts from the 16th through the 18th centuries, linked to a historical/critical terminological-conceptual thesaurus (TTC).  Since 2009 she has been collaborating with Murtha Baca on the Digital Mellini Project, a joint initiative of the University of Málaga and the Getty Research Institute. She serves as a coordinator for ReArte.Dix, the First International Network of Digital Studies of the Artistic Culture in the Spanish-speakers countries, and is the Vice-president of the Asociación Internacional de Humanidades Digitales Hispánicas (HDH). She authored a number of books and articles on digital art history and cultural heritage, focusing on the theoretical, critical and methodological questions.

[STSM] Mieke Pfarr-Harfst, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor in the Department of Digital Design (formerly Information and Communication Technology in Architecture) at the Faculty of Architecture, Technical University of Darmstadt. In her Ph.D. she has developed a theoretical documentation system for recording knowledge involved in digital reconstruction of cultural heritage, for which she was awarded the Technical University of Darmstadt Kurt Ruths Prize. Her current research (2015-16) investigates 3D computer models as an innovative research methodology for studying cultural heritage. Her research draws on her experience as a project lead in international CH visualisation projects. She is a founding member of the Digital Reconstruction working group of the German Association of Digital Humanities in the German-speaking Countries (DHD). The aim of this working group is to connect members of the German visualisation community and promote visualisation as a research tool. >>> COSCH Profile

[MC] [R] [WG Leader] Marcello Picollo ( is researcher at the Institute for Applied Physics "Nello Carrara" of the National Research Council (IFAC-CNR) of Italy, in Sesto Fiorentino. His interests include colour measurement of polychrome surfaces; Vis-NIR Hyperspectral Imaging and spot size UV-Vis-IR spectroscopic investigations of 2D polychrome objects with the aim of identification of artists' and conservation materials.

[STSM] Stefan Röhrs, Ph.D., is scientist and deputy director of the Rathgen-Forschungslabor (Rathgen-research laboratory) at the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (National Museums in Berlin). He obtained his Ph.D. from the Technical University in Berlin in 2003 for a thesis on the investigation of authenticity of painted Limoges enamels by means of a micro x-ray fluorescence analysis. From 2005 to 2007 he was a post-doctoral scientist for the European EU-ARTECH project, at the Centre de recherché et de restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF) CNRS – UMR 171 in Paris, where he was using the ion beam accelerator "AGLAE". He subsequently worked, from 2007 to 2009, at the Department of Conservation and Scientific Research at The British Museum in London. He conducted scientific material analyses of glass and other vitreous materials there, and contributed to archaeometic and conservation studies.

[indR] Professor Charlotte Roueché is Senior Research Fellow in Digital Hellenic Studies, King's College London, UK. She works on Graeco-roman inscribed texts, especially of late antiquity, with a focus on online publication. Notable is the online corpus of inscriptions of Aphrodisias <> discovered up to 1994, with translations and commentary, co-edited with Joyce Reynolds and Gabriel Bodard. She has worked for several years with the Austrian excavation team at Ephesos.

[A] Santiago Royo received his Ph.D. degree in Applied Optics from Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC-BarcelonaTech) in 1999. He is currently (2014) Associate Professor at UPC and Director of the Center for Sensor, Instruments and System Development (CD6), a research and innovation center in Optical Engineering in Terrassa, where seven spin-off and four start-up companies have been created. He has participated and led research projects in optical metrology and engineering for twenty years. This resulted in over 50 full-text publications and 10 patents, five of them licensed. He is co-founder of two photonics-based spin-off companies: SnellOptics (2002, Terrassa, Spain) devoted to marketing quality plastic optical components; and ObsTech SpA (2012, Santiago, Chile) commercialising systems for internet-controlled telescopes.

[A] Jule Rubi is a Researcher in the Department of Theatre and Performance Department at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, currently working on a major V&A exhibition to open in September 2017. Graduating from the Ecole du Louvre in Paris, Jule holds Masters Degrees in both Museum Studies and Cultural Project Management. Her research interests include the intersection between music, performance and art history; the integration of design and sound in exhibitions; immersive and interactive projects in cultural institutions; and interdisciplinary approaches to museum displays.

[indR] Robert Sablatnig is an associate professor of Computer Vision and heads the Computer Vision Lab at the Faculty of Informatics at the Vienna University of Technology <>. Since 2005 he is the Head of the Institute of Computer Aided Automation, engaged in research, project leading, and teaching. His research interests include 3D computer vision, document analysis, multispectral imaging, automatic visual inspection, video data analysis (motion and tracking) and applications in industry and cultural heritage preservation. He is author or co-author of more than 200 refereed scientific papers published in journals and proceedings of international conferences and workshops. He is the founding chair of IAPR-Technical Committee 19 concerned with Computer Vision for Cultural Heritage Applications and Treasurer of the Austrian Association for Pattern Recognition (AAPR/ÖAGM), the Austrian branch of IAPR.

[indR] Donald H. Sanders, Ph.D., has a multidisciplinary background, as an architect and an archaeologist. He owns and presides over two companies in the USA specialising in virtual heritage. Learning Sites, Inc., with its roots dating back to 1993, builds virtual ancient reconstructions for scholars, educators, and students. The Institute for the Visualization of History, Inc., is a not-for-profit educational organisation, founded in 2001, that expands the chronological and geographical scope of Learning Sites and provides still more accessibility to the vast potential of interactive 3D environments for documentation and teaching, research and display, publication and broadcast.

[R] Roberto Scopigno, Ph.D., is a Research Director of the Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione (ISTI) of the National Research Council (CNR) at Pisa, Italy. He also heads the ISTI-CNR Visual Computer Lab. He is currently engaged in several EC and national research projects concerned with multiresolution data modelling and rendering, 3D digitisation/scanning, scientific visualisation, geometry
processing and applications to cultural heritage. He served as Chairman of the
Eurographics Association (2009-10), Editor-in-Chief of Computer Graphics Forum (2001-2010) and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of the Association for Computing Machinery, Computing and Cultural Heritage since 2012.

[A] [MC] [R] [WG Leader] Robert Sitnik is Professor of Mechatronics and Head of Virtual Reality Techniques Division in the Department of Mechatronics at Warsaw University of Technology. Working in collaboration with national and foreign universities, companies and public institutions such as hospitals and museums, he has carried out scientific research in the field of optical engineering, 3D/4D imaging, virtual and augmented reality. He has a long, scientific research track record in design, application and exploitation of complex 3D imaging systems. His innovative contributions include precise, 3D shape and RGB acquisition with extension to multispectral color and BRDF characteristics; the automation of 3D view integration during scanning (‘next best view' approach) and during data processing (view integration); the multidirectional, 4D measurement of human movement (whole surface) with high, up to 60Hz frequency, applied to the medical diagnosis; the virtual and augmented reality systems developed and introduced to the Polish Television, for interactive content production and streaming of the Internet Virtual Studio, and to a number of virtual museum environments and applications.

[A] Lorenzo Stefani is a technician at the Institute of Applied Physics "Nello Carrara" of the Italian National Research Council (IFAC-CNR), Florence, Italy. For many years he has been developing hardware and software for computer controlled instrumentation, aiming to define and design non-invasive imaging methodologies and devices, such as IFAC hyperspectral scanner, applied to the investigation of works of art.

[WG Leader] Alain Trémeau

[MC] [WG V-Leader] Despoina Tsiafaki is Director of Research and Head of the Department of Cultural Heritage at the Athena Research and Innovation Center for Information, Communication & Knowledge Technologies. She received her Bachelor, Masters, and Doctoral Degrees from the Department of History and Archaeology of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. She worked in the Antiquities Department of the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles. There and elsewhere she was involved in technological projects in the area of cultural heritage. She taught under- and graduate courses, and seminars, in Archaeology and Cultural Technology. She published several books on archaeology and art history, mainly on ancient pottery, as both author and editor. More than 100 papers on Greek culture and cultural technology have been published in international conference proceedings, other volumes and journals. Her current research involves archaeology of ancient ceramics, archaeometry and applications of digital technology to cultural studies such as databases, multimedia and museum guides, 3D reconstruction and archaeological GIS.

[A] Jaroslav Valach has been head of the Laboratory of Optical Methods and Microscopy of the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic since 2008. His research interest is mainly with the optical and non-destructive experimental methods for analysis and monitoring of cultural heritage structures and materials. He carries out research and collaborates on both European and national levels, working on projects related to characterisation of materials and development of specialised experimental methods. He also lectures on materials and experimental methods at the Faculty of Transportation Sciences of the Czech Technical University in Prague.

[A] Daniel Vavřík is Head of the Department of Continuum Mechanics and research supervisor in the Laboratory of X-ray and neutron radiography, in the  Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. His interests are mainly in non-destructive experimental methods for analysis of traditional, as well as new materials. He is involved in collaborative research through both European and national projects related to characterisation of materials and in the development of specialised experimental methods.

[A] Daniel Vazquez, Ph.D. has been Professor in the Department of Optics at the Universidad Complutense of Madrid since 1988. He received a Ph.D. in architecture from the Universidad Politecnica de Madrid. He develops a wide range of lighting systems such as natural and LED lighting devices, LED panels, and applied signalling and solar energy systems. His areas of interest include colour perception and lighting systems applied to cultural heritage. He leads the Colour and Lighting team of the Applied Optics Complutense Group.

[A] [ECI] [STSM] Tatiana Vitorino holds a Masters degree in Conservation and Restoration, with specialisation in Conservation Science (2012). Since 2013 she has been working as an early-stage researcher at the Department of Conservation and Restoration, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal. Her research interests concern the study of artists' and painting materials, applying interdisciplinary multi-analytical approaches and using historically accurate reconstructions. Her work is mainly concerned with the investigation of red lake pigments. She has been using techniques such as microspectrofluorimetry, fiber optic reflectance spectroscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Recently, she has become greatly interested in the application of non-invasive hyper-spectral imaging spectroscopy to the study and documentation of cultural heritage. She has integrated the COSCH community, and aims to further explore the hyper-spectral imaging system, mainly to help on the identification and characterisation of red lakes in artworks.

[A] David Vrba is a Ph.D. student at the Institute of Theoretical Physics in the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at the Charles University in Prague. He is pursuing mathematical modelling and has participated in scientific projects at the Institute of Photonics and Electronics since 2010, and since 2011 also at the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. He develops software for scientific computing there, using numerical methods.

[A] [ECI] [R] Stefanie Wefers, Ph.D., is an archaeologist and Research Associate at the Institute for Spatial Information and Surveying Technology, i3mainz, at the University of Applied Sciences in Mainz, Germany, where she is also grant manager for the COST Action TD1201: Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage (COSCH). She received her Ph.D. from the Westfälische Wilhelms-University Münster, Germany in 2008 for a thesis on Late Iron-Age rotary querns between the Mayen and Lovosice quarry districts. In 2012 she completed a postdoctoral project on the Late Antique and Early Byzantine water-powered workshop and milling complex of Terrace House 2 in Ephesos, Turkey.

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